Types of assistance

1. Micro business set-up

Assistance with business start-up is the most sought after type of assistance. The returnees opt for this option because it can provide them with a long term source of income. They either establish their own businesses or they make partnership with already established firms, which spares them the difficulties linked with setting up own business. Examples of successfully implemented reintegration schemes include: farms, workshops (welding, car repairs, knitting, sewing, woolweaving, etc.), shops (photocopy, fertiliser, clothes, stationery shop, etc.), transportation, taxi, car wash, and many others.

2. Education (vocational, undergraduate, graduate)

The educational assistance aims at improving the qualification of returnees. The returnees can either start or complete already started studies. Examples of education assistance include university studies, high school studies, vocational school studies, etc. This option mainly includes covering of tuition fees, but also costs for equipment necessary for studies e.g. books, computer, etc. In justified cases also costs for living can be considered.

3. Training and schooling, courses (IT, re-training, crafts, driving license, etc.)

The assistance with training and course aims at improving specific skills of the returnees in order to increase their employability at the labour market. This option covers costs for the course/ training, but also costs for equipment necessary for taking the course.
Examples of implemented reintegration schemes include: driving license course category B and C.

4. Job search assistance/ job placement

The assistance with job search/ job placement is provided in countries in which IOM missions are capable of arranging these services. The assistance includes elaboration of a CV and applicant’s work profile, referral to prospective employers and job counselling. Job placement includes a work placement with an employer where IOM pays returnee’s salary and returnee has the chance to obtain experience necessary for his future employment.

5. Legal assistance

The legal assistance option covers costs of legal services requested by the returnees.

6. Material assistance (household equipment, furniture, goods)

Material assistance is primarily aimed at helping returnees to deal with their immediate situation following their arrival. E.g. in cases when returnees spent longer time abroad and lack basic goods that would enable them to run their household, material assistance can cover costs related to purchases of essential goods necessary for migrants run their household (furniture, household appliances, kitchen ware). The assistance can also be used for improving of migrants living conditions via refurbishing or reconstruction of their houses, apartments. Examples include reconstruction of kitchen, bathroom, roof, heating system, replacement of windows, etc.

7. Medical assistance

The purpose of medical assistance is to help returnees to deal with their medical problems immediately following their arrival. The assistance can cover costs related to medical examination, medical treatment, purchase of medication, etc.

8. Temporary accommodation assistance

The assistance with accommodation aims at providing the returnees with temporary accommodation following their arrival. It can cover costs of rent or costs of lodging at facilities providing accommodation.

Success stories

Films - Stories of migrants

  • (Film has english subtitles should be turned on)


Voluntary Return and Reintegration in Country of Origin (Individual Project).

This project is co-funded by the European Union from the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). Internal Security Fund.

Assisted Voluntary Returns and Reintegrations
International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Slovakia