Return and Reintegration Assistance to Unsuccessful Asylum Seekers and Irregular Migrants from Slovakia to Countries of Origin

Duration of the project: April 2009 – March 2010
Finance: The project was financed by the Ministry of Interior of Slovakia and by the EU through the European Return Fund within the framework of the General Programme Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows.

Main components of the project:

  1. Provision of information to the target group about assisted voluntary returns and post-return reintegration assistance.
  2. Realization of assisted voluntary returns to third countries.
  3. Creation of an efficient system of provision of reintegration assistance after migrant’s return to country of origin.
  4. Provision of practical assistance and financial resources for reintegration activities after return to country of origin.

Target group of the project:

  • asylum seekers whose application was denied
  • irregular migrants detained in police facilities for aliens
  • undocumented and non-detained irregular migrants living in Slovakia anonymously

IOM Bratislava informs migrants about the possibility of returning to their country of origin through various means: at group information sessions and during personal consultations on IOM premises in Bratislava and Košice; in asylum and detention facilities of MoI; through the low-rate phone line 0850 211 262; on its website; by information materials distributed to Departments of Alien Police and Border Control, to embassies and consular offices and to non-governmental organizations. Between August and November 2009 migrants were informed about the Programme also through an information campaign covering the entire territory of Slovakia. By this way IOM communicated the possibility of return also to unregistered irregular migrants who live in Slovakia anonymously.

Information campaign:

In August 2009 IOM launched a targeted information campaign about assisted voluntary returns in nine towns in Slovakia – Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Trenčín, Topoľčany, Žilina, Zvolen, Košice and Prešov. In these towns the campaign informed the target group about the possibility of a voluntary return using the means of billboards placed in public spaces. The towns and precise spots for these billboards were chosen based on a survey into places of residence and work of migrants who live in bigger towns which allow for their anonymity and work opportunities. Information materials were placed on bus stops, in public transport vehicles, in phone booths, on public advertisement places, in shopping centres, in shops and at railway stations.

Realization of Assisted Voluntary Returns

Migrants who decided to return home using IOM and registered in the AVRR Programme are provided with the following service from the side of IOM:

  • Information about the Programme and individual counselling
  • Assistance with issuing of emergency travel documents
  • Accommodation and essential medical care
  • Logistical preparation of the return
  • Departure assistance at airport, assistance at airport in transit country and upon request arrival assistance in country of origin
  • Provision of financial support to cover basic needs after return

Reintegration in country of origin

Within the framework of the Programme IOM provides a mechanism for the support of migrants in their home country. Migrant who submits a business plan is eligible for a limited financial grant that can be used for opening a business in agriculture, industry or services sector. This grant helps not only the migrant who sustains his/her living through his/her own activity but also affects wider environment – the migrant contributes to the development of  his/her region and community (offer of new services, opening of new jobs, etc.)

As part of reintegration IOM has offered these types of assistance:

  • material help (agricultural tools, cattle, etc.)
  • legal counselling
  • assistance with job seeking
  • covering expenses for a course or further studying
  • support when setting up small businesses or other income generating activities

The course, results and practicality of the reintegration assistance were monitored and assessed by IOM Bratislava together with the colleagues in country of origin.

Success stories

Films - Stories of migrants


Voluntary Return and Reintegration in Country of Origin (Individual Project).

This project is co-funded by the European Union from the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). Internal Security Fund.

Assisted Voluntary Returns and Reintegrations
International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Slovakia